Karva Chauth may be a vital festival for all married (Suhagin) women. This one-day festival is celebrated every year mainly by married (Suhagin) women of Northern India. On this day, married (Suhagin) women observe a full-day fast that begins with sunrise in the early morning and ends in the late evening or sometimes late night after the moonrise. She fasts very hard throughout the day without water and without food for her husband's safe and long life.
Earlier it was a traditional festival celebrated especially in the Indian states of Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, parts of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Punjab. However, nowadays it is celebrated by all women in almost every region of India. According to Hindu lunar-solar (lunisolar) calendar, the festival of Karva Chauth takes place 4 days from the day of full moon (in October or November) in the month of Kartik.
It also celebrates other ceremonies like Haritalika Teej (which is celebrated annually by women in U.P. for the long life and well-being of their husbands) and Chhath (especially Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and other regions of India Is celebrated annually by women for the same reason.).
Karva Chauth 2020
Karva Chauth 2020, will be celebrated by women on 4 November Wednesday across India as well as abroad.
Karwa Chauth Puja Idol in 2020
The Karva Chauth idol is the exact time within which the worship is to be performed. The entire duration for Karva Chauth Puja on November 4 is 1 hour and 17 minutes.
The time for Karwa Chauth Puja will start at 5:29 pm.
The time for worshiping Karva Chauth will end at 6:48 pm.
Moonrise time on Karva Chauth 2020
On the day of Karva Chauth, the moonrise time will be 8:16 pm. The time of the moon rising on Karva Chauth is of great importance for all women as they observe a fast for the long life of their husband (without water). They can drink water only after seeing the full moon rising. It is believed that without observing the moon, the fast is incomplete and a woman can neither eat anything nor drink water. The Karva Chauth fast is considered to be complete only when the woman sees the rising moon by placing ghee in a sieve and drinking water from her husband's hands while offering the moon.
Karva Chauth Vrat
The festival of Karva Chauth is celebrated with great joy every year on the Chaturthi of the month of Kartik by women keeping a fast for the entire day in Krishna Paksha. It is being celebrated in almost all the states of India on a single date. It falls on the fourth day of the full moon every year in the month of October or November, according to the Hindu calendar.
Fasting on Karva Chauth is a major ritual during which a married woman fasts throughout the day and worships Lord Ganesha for the welfare and long life of her husband. In particular, it is a festival for married women, although in some Indian regions; There is also a tradition by unmarried women to fast for their future husbands.
On this day, married women fast throughout the day, worship Lord Shiva and his family in the evening, and open the fast in the late evening or night only after watching the moonrise. Fasting Karva Chauth is very difficult and it has a strict discipline or rule that a woman cannot take food or water from sunrise to moonrise at night.
It is also called as Karak Chaturthi (Karava or Karaka means an earthen pot by which a woman offers the moon to the god). There is also a tradition of giving some donations and dakshina for a Brahmin or other married woman. It is highly popular in North Indian states as compared to other regions of the country. There is every other fasting competition for the son named as Ahoi Ashtami Vrat which falls just four days after Karva Chauth.
Origin and story of Karva Chauth
Karva Chauth means fasting and offering karva (earthen vessel) on the Chaturthi of Krishna Paksha of Kartik month to offer arghya to the moon. Karva Chauth falls on the fourth day of the dark fortnight every year. The celebration of the festival of Karva Chauth by women in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent is not yet clear although some reasons exist to celebrate it.
It is believed that women pray to God for the healthy and long life of their husbands when they are out of the house on their duty or other difficult missions like Indian soldiers, policemen, military personnel etc. Indian soldiers do very hard duty on the border of the country to protect the entire country away from their home. They cross many rivers in dry areas and face the monsoon season and face many challenges and perform their duties. So, their wives pray to God for the safety, longevity and welfare of their husbands.
The women fast for the entire day without having to eat and drink even a drop of water to protect their husbands wherever they are on their mission away from home. This festival takes place during the sowing of wheat i.e. the beginning of the Rabi harvest cycle. A woman worships a large earthen pot (Karva) filled with wheat grains and prays to God for a good harvest in this season, especially in wheat-eating areas.
Another story behind celebrating Karva Chauth by women is for themselves. Long ago, when girls were married at the age of adolescence or even early 10,12 or 13, they had to move away from their parents' home with their husbands and in-laws. He had to do all the household chores, the work of in-laws as well as the works of the fields outside the house. She was just like a full-time servant in her in-laws' house. He had to take responsibility of everyone himself.
In such cases, if he has any problem with the in-laws, then he had no option like going back home, relatives, friends, etc. In earlier days, the tradition was that once the bride's groom comes home, she will not be able to go to her parents' house for a long time or more than once or twice in life.
To solve this problem or loneliness, women get married on the Chaturthi in the month of Kartik to make good support friend or sister (Dharm Dost or Dharma Sister - other married women of the village) in the same village in which they are married. Started celebrating. She would get together, talk, discuss good and bad moments, laugh, decorate herself, do a lot of activities like a new bride and remember herself again.
In this way, she never felt alone or unhappy. On the day of Karva Chauth, she would buy karva and worship together. They also gifted some items of married women (eg bangles, bindi, ribbon, lipstick, earrings, nail polish, vermilion, homemade candy, sweets, makeup items, short dresses and other items) to other married women She used to give that there is someone for them too. So in olden times the festival of Karva Chauth was started as a celebration to strengthen the special bond between Anand and Dharma friends or Dharma sisters.
The concept of fasting and worship for husbands came as a secondary process much later on Karva Chauth. Later, a lot of mythology and stories emerged in order to increase the meaning of celebrating this festival. Fasting, worship and women prostrate themselves brings a lot of happiness, confidence and renewal to the husband-wife relationship. It also strengthens the relationship between husband and wife like a newly married couple.
The husband becomes emotionally closer to his wife and tries to never hurt her like a true friend. In this way, women win their husband's trust and love through emotional attachment. She would fast for the whole day without food and no water, dress herself like a bride and worship her husband for safety and good because in the in-laws, only the husband was an actor for the rest of his life.
Rituals of Karva Chauth
As the date of Karva Chauth approaches, the married women get excited and start preparing a few days before that. She eagerly awaits that day with great joy and enthusiasm. This festival is more important for them than Diwali. She buys everything new from the local market, such as cosmetics (makeup accessories), traditional makeup, gowns, sarees, slippers, earrings, bracelets, necklaces, nail polish, bindi, puja items, Karva lamps, henna, Pooja Thali, etc. A few days before the festival, the festival forms in the market as shopkeepers start decorating their shops to sell more goods of worship and decoration.
In some places (like Punjab), women wake up very early in the morning (before 4 am) to eat and drink something because they have to keep fast throughout the day. In other places like Uttar Pradesh, to keep your body without water and food the next day, a day before the festival, there is a ritual of eating a sweet cotton yarn made of milk. Eating fenna as a pre-dawn meal is very important for them.
There is also a ritual of giving sargi in Punjab. Every year on the occasion of Sargi Karva Chauth, her daughter-in-law has a collection of accessories, sweets and other food items of married women given by her mother-in-law. It is a ritual that when a newly married bride fasts for Karva Chauth for the first time, she has to follow her mother-in-law. That is, the way he is told by his mother-in-law, he has to follow it throughout his life.
If during fasting he is asked to take water, tea, juice and other things by his mother-in-law, then he will have to follow it throughout his life. Faena is made by the mother-in-law as a pre-dawn meal for her daughter-in-law (this is a form of vermicelli that is also used in fruit, although it is much thinner than fenna sevaiyan).
Fasting begins with the sunrise in the morning. Women apply henna on their hair, hands and feet. She spends her entire day with her friends and relatives with Hussey and Anand. She exchanges some painted pottery (carv) filled with bangles, bindi, ribbon, sweets, homemade candies, cosmetic items, handkerchiefs, etc. amongst her married buddies and relatives. Married women also get some gifts from their parents and husbands.
In the evening, they bathed, dressed well and took part in a gathering together with the women of the community. She worships with lots of preparation, listens to the story of Karva Chauth, sings songs etc. According to their culture and tradition, women who keep fast in U.P. and Bihar sit in a circle with a puja plate, One of them (who is mostly a eldest woman or a priest) recounts the story (Gauri, Ganesh and Shankar) of Karva Chauth and then sings the song of Karva Chauth seven times with ferry (turning their plates from each other). . There are some restrictions that should be followed by fasting women, such as knitting clothes, praying for someone, praying for someone, waking someone up with a pimp.
She makes the whole seven rounds, in the first six ferries, she sings like "Veer Kundiyo Karwa, Sarva Suhagan Karwa, A Katti Naaya Teri Naa, Kumbh Chakra Pheri Naa, Ar Peer Payen Naa, Ruthada Maniyane Naa, Suthara Jagayen Naa, They In the seventh ferry, "Veer Kuree Karva Karva", "Veer Kundiyo Karwa, Sarve Suhagan Karwa, A Katti Naya Teri Nee, Kumbh Chakra Pheri Bhi, R Pair Payen Bhi, Rutha Maniyane Bhi, Suthra Jagayen Bhi , Sarva suhaagan karva ”, she sings.
There is another ritual in Rajasthan, the fasting woman is asked by another woman that 'Dhapi ki nahi dhapi' (ie, satiated or not?) She replies 'dappi dal se, suhaag se dhape' (with water Satisfied I'm born, not my husband). In other regions Uttar Pradesh, there is a separate "Gaur Mata" worship ceremony. The women take a little soil, sprinkle water on it, which is treated like a statue (ie fertile mother land) by applying kumkum.
She also sings her karva thali changing songs like, "Always have suhagan karva lo, husband ki pyar karwa, seven sisters' sister karva lo, vrat karan karo get, mother-in-law's beloved get it done". After the puja, she offers the idol to her mother-in-law or nand by offering some prasad such as halwa, puri, mathri, namkeen, sweets (also called bayana).
After the pooja ceremony, the women wait for the moon to come out so that they can eat and drink some food. When the moon is seen in the sky, all the women who are fasting, with their husbands, outside the house or at the top of the house, see its shadow in a pot filled with moon or water on a roof. She turns to her husband to look at her husband in the same way as he saw the moon, by offering the moon to get blessings.
Now it is time for all the lovers to open a fast with some sweets and water from their husbands' hands. Finally, after a full day, the husband takes sweets and a glass of water from the puja plate with his hands. After opening the fast, women can eat their entire diet at night.
Modern culture and tradition of Karva Chauth
Nowadays, the culture and tradition of Karva Chauth has changed in North Indian society and has started celebrating as a romantic festival. It has become a festival of love and affection between the pair. It is being celebrated in Bollywood style everywhere through movies like Dilwale Rahi Ke Dulhaniya Le Jayenge, Kabhi Khushi Kabhi Gum etc.
Somewhere, it is also kept by unmarried women to show their love and affection for their fiancee and their future husband. It has become a festival to bring the couple into a good state of relationship through emotional and romantic attachment. As the festival date approaches, many advertising campaigns start appearing on TV, radio, etc. to increase their business within the market.
On Karva Chauth, children and husbands like everyone, especially fasting women, dress well in new clothes and celebrate the festival together. It has become a famous family function and celebrates till every moonrise. After the Chandrodaya ceremony, some couples with their children go to restaurants and hotels to eat delicious food at home instead of making some changes to their busy daily routine.
It has also been reviewed by some people, although some people also call it as a Women's Empowerment Karan festival because usually the woman on Karva Chauth is completely away from her home for the whole day and to live life away from busy daily life. Leaves the work of She feels relieved and receives gifts from her husband which makes her physically, intellectually and emotionally happy.
It is believed that household chores and responsibilities of all family members are the biggest hindrances to women's empowerment. However, the Sikh doctrine is strongly opposed to the concept of fasting in that they think that fasting does not have any spiritual or religious benefit, it can only be kept for health reasons.
Celebrating significance and legends of Karva Chauth
There are many legends, traditional stories and stories behind the celebration of Karva Chauth by women every year. Some of them are mentioned below:
- Once, there was a beautiful princess named Veeravati. She was the only loving sister of her seven brothers. . She got married and was at her parents' house during her first Karva Chauth fast. He started fasting from sunrise in the morning. She spent her entire day very successfully, although in the evening she eagerly started waiting for Chandrodaya as she was suffering from severe hunger and thirst. Because this was his first Karva Chauth vow, his pathetic condition was unbearable for his brothers because they all loved him very much. They tried hard to convince him that he could eat without seeing Chod, though he refused. Then he made a false likeness of the moon with a mirror on the top of the peepal tree and told his sister that the moon had come out. She was very innocent and imitated her brothers. By mistake he saw the false moon, he took his fast by offering arghya. She acquired the message of her husband's death. He started crying loudly. His sister-in-law told him that he broke the fast after seeing the false moon that his brothers had shown him, because his brothers were in a lot of trouble seeing him in a state of hunger and thirst. Her heart broke and she cried too much. Soon Goddess Shakti appeared to him and asked him why are you crying? . He told about the whole process and then was instructed by the Goddess that he should repeat his Karva Chauth fast with full devotion. Soon after the vow is over, Yamraj is forced to return her husband's life.
- Somewhere it is believed that instead of making a false moon by placing a mirror on the top of the Peepal tree, Rani Veeravati's brothers (to show her sister a false moon) set a huge fire behind the mountain. About that false moon glow (a big fire behind the mountain) he persuaded his sister to be a sister. She then broke her fast on seeing the false moon of the great fire and received the message that she lost her husband. She ran towards her husband's house though in the middle way, Shiva-Parvati appeared to him and told him about all the deception of her brothers. She was then very carefully instructed by the goddess to complete her fast again. She did the same and got her husband back.
- Another story behind celebrating this festival is the history of Satyavan and Savitri. Once, Yama reached out to Satyavan to bring his life forever. When Savitri comes to know about it, she begs Yama to give her husband life but Yama refuses. So she started chasing Yama without drinking anything to get her husband's life. Yama asks her to ask for some more boon in exchange for her husband's life. She was very clever. She told Yamraj that she is a loving woman and wants to be the mother of her husband's children. Her statement forced Yama to agree and blessed her with a long life with her husband.
- There was once a woman named Karva, who was completely devoted to her husband, due to which she was given great spiritual strength. Once, Karva's husband was bathing in the river and then suddenly a crocodile caught her. He used a cotton thread to bind the crocodile and told Yama to throw the crocodile to hell. Yama refused to do so, though he had to do so because he feared cursing by a woman who had got married. Granted her a long life boon with her husband. From that day on, the festival of Karva Chauth began to be celebrated by women with faith and faith to get the longevity of her husband from God.
- The story of Mahabharata is another story behind celebrating this Karva Chauth festival. Long ago, in the time of Mahabharata, Pandavas faced many problems including Draupadi when he (who was) away for penance on Nilgiris in the absence of Arjuna. Draupadi prayed to Lord Krishna for help, then she was reminded by God of an earlier story of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva. He was also advised to complete the fast of Karva Chauth in the same way. He completed the fast by following all the rituals and instructions. As soon as his fast was over, the Pandavas became free from all problems.
First karva chauth
The festival of Karva Chauth is very important for newly married Hindu women. It is a very big occasion at the husband's house after her marriage. A few days before the occasion of Karva Chauth, he and his in-laws make a lot of preparations. She is prepared with all the new things as if she is getting married to the same husband again. All (friends, family members, relatives and neighbors) gather together to celebrate it like a festival. She gets many blessings and gifts from her husband, friends, family members, relatives and neighbors for prosperity in her married life.
He gets the first sargi from his mother-in-law on his first Karva Chauth. The first sargi includes furnishings, food from the day before Karva Chauth and lots of other things and lots of love and blessings for a happy life. She touches the feet of the elder and relatives of the house to get blessings.
There is also the practice of giving the first left. It is a group of dry fruits, presents, sweet and salty mathri, sweets, clothes, utensils etc., sent by the girl's mother to the girl's mother-in-law and other family members. This is very important for a daughter who waits eagerly on the first Karva Chauth. After the worship of Karva Chauth, the first left is distributed among all the family members, relatives and neighbors.
Finally, the married bride receives a very special gift from her husband after the lunar ceremony at the dinner. On this day, the bond of love between them grows strongly, the husband feels very proud for his dear wife because she fasts very hard for him. He gives a lot of love and respect to his wife and keeps her happy with lots of care and gift of Karva Chauth. On this day, he takes his wife to a nice interesting place to have full joy and to have delicious food, so that at least in the year, she will get rest from the responsibilities of the house for one day.
Karva Chauth fasting method
Karva Chauth Vrat is also known as Karak Chaturthi fast, which is a very important festival for married women, especially in Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and U.P. It falls on the fourth day of Krishna Paksha in Kartik month. During this fast, the women worship Goddess Parvati, Lord Ganesha and the Moon. This fast is “Nirjala Vrat” without water, however, some women (pregnant and unhealthy women) keep it fast with milk, fruits, nuts, khoya etc.
This fast requires wholehearted dedication, faith and faith to God during the entire worship process. Kheer, Pua, Dahivada, Cereal pulse, Goose pudding etc. are made to dedicate to the Gods and Goddesses. The puja should be done facing the east, and the idol of Deva gods should be facing west. It is believed that donating dakshina on this day fulfills a lot of peace, security, long life for the husband, wealth and other wishes of the worshiper along with the son for the house. It is believed that the purpose of worship is fulfilled only by donating karaka and arghya to the moon.
Karva Chauth Vrat Katha
For women who observe the fast of Karva Chauth, listening to the story of Karva Chauth fast is of great importance. Without hearing the story, the fast is not considered complete. There are many stories of Karva Chauth fast, out of which married women are required to listen to a story during the fasting ceremony. Some of the fast stories and stories are mentioned under the title "Importance and Legends of Karva Chauth Festival".
Process of Karva Chauth Puja
A day before Karva Chauth, married women do a lot of preparations because the next day they have to fast for the whole day without food and water. She eats and drinks water before the sun goes out in the morning because she has to spend the whole day without eating anything. From morning to afternoon she is busy with many festival activities such as applying henna on her hands and feet, dressing herself, preparing a plate of worship (vermillion, flowers, kumkum, rice donations, ghee lamps, incense sticks and other pooja materials With) and meeting their relatives etc.
Before the Puja starts, it is necessary to collect the following Puja material, idol of Ganesh ji, Ambika Gauri maa, Shri Nandeshwar, Maa Parvati, Lord Shiva ji and Shri Kartikeya. Items of worship (such as karva or metal utensils, incense, lamp, camphor, vermilion, ghee diya, roli, sandalwood, kajal, fruits, nuts, sweets, flowers and matches) are required to be collected.
Taking a bath in the evening, getting ready, she goes to her neighbors and friends to listen to the story of Karva Chauth. Married women of the community or society would come together like garden, temple or one's house etc. to arrange worship at a common place. is. One of the older women starts telling the story of Karva Chauth. In the center may be a special earthen wheat pot crammed with grains (considered as a logo of Lord Ganesha), a metal pot crammed with water, some flowers, to keep in the statue of Mata Parvati, Ambika Gaur Mata, Sweets, Mathis, Fruits and Food Grains. A small portion of all the things offered to the Goddess is kept for the narrator.
Earlier it was the custom to make the idol of Gaur Mata using mud and cow dung, although these days, women keep a metal or paper idol of Goddess Parvati. All women light an earthen lamp on a plate before listening to a story or story. The women wear colorful saris and cover themselves with their wedding red or pink chunari. She sings worship songs and prays to God and Goddess for blessings. They transfer their puja thali to each other in a circle seven times and sing songs. After the puja is complete, everyone leaves for their home with their puja thali and touches the feet of the elders, neighbors and relatives in the family to get the blessings.
The women prepare their puja thali for the ceremony of Chandrodaya ceremony. The puja thali includes ghee ka diya, rice grains, water filled utensils, matches, sweets, a glass of water and a sieve. Once the moon rises in the sky, the women come out of their homes to see the moon. First of all she offers the moon, pours grains of rice towards the moon, looks at Chod with a paste of ghee inside the sieve. She prays to the moon for the prosperity, safety and long life of her husbands. After completing the moon ritual, she touches the feet of her husband, mother-in-law and other elders and seeks blessings of a happy and happy life. It is customary to see the shadow in the water somewhere instead of directly looking at the moon. After touching the feet, the husband feeds his wife sweets with his hands and feeds them water.
Gifts of Karva Chauth
Many gifts of Karva Chauth are specially given by husband, mother, mother-in-law and other family members and friends to women who keep their first Karva Chauth fast. It is believed that the fast of Karva Chauth is very difficult, one has to spend a whole day without drinking anything. It is a golden opportunity for every married woman to fast for her husband and get some beautiful and expensive gifts from him like jewelery, bangles, sarees, lehngas, frock suits, new clothes, and sweets and other traditional gifts. The women receive unforgettable gifts with lots of love and affection that strengthen their relationship with happiness as well as their husband.