Nag Panchami is a festival during which religious Hindus in some parts of India worship either images of or live Nagas on the fifth day after Amavasya of the month of Shraavana. Traditionally, married young women visit their premarital households to celebrate the festival. Especially in villages in India, a traditional aspect of the celebration involves joyous swinging by young women on swings temporarily hung on tree branches. Now let’s perform Nag Panchami Puja.
- Let’s first collect all puja items.
- Then we will do the puja preparation.
- Next we will perform the main Nag Panchami Puja.
- We will conclude with the aarti.
Let’s Collect Nag Panchami Puja Items & Learn Their Significance
- Moli (red thread)
- Roli (red powder)
- Incense sticks
- Sweets, Fruits
- Curd (Yogurt)
- Clarified butter (Ghee)
- Dry fruits
- Yagyopavit (sacred thread)
Follow The Video To Prepare For The Nag Panchami Puja.
Before doing Nag Panchami Puja, we do the puja preparation or commonly called as panch peeth puja.
Lets follow the video through this step. Only after performing this step we proceed towards the main Nag Panchami Puja.
Let’s Perform The Main Nag Panchami Puja
After performing the panch peeth puja, we start the main puja.
Follow along the instructions and mantras to perform the main Nag Panchami Puja.
We Will Conclude Nag Panchami Puja With The Aarti.
Puja is considered incomplete without the aarti.
Let us now do the Nag Panchami Puja to successfully conclude the puja.
Puja is considered complete after we offer dakshina
Mantras, Regional Information, Food Restrictions For Nag Panchami Puja
On this holy day Nag devta is worshiped by doing puja and is offered with food items prepared one day in advance. The katha should be heard among all those observing and fast and puja. The story involves the origin of the puja, the benefits of it.
Nag Panchami Puja
Nag Panchami Puja is one of the most sacred Indian festivals celebrated by Hindus to pay respect to the snake deities mentioned in the ancient Hindu Vedas and Puranas. Nag panchami is celebrated on the 5th day of Shukla paksh of Shravan (july – august) month. Nag Panchami commemorates the victory of Lord Krishna over the dreaded serpent Kalia.
The festival also celebrates many ancient Hindu legends and is an occasion when married girls in various regions in India visit their parents. On this holy day Nag devta is worshiped by doing puja and is offered with food items prepared one day in advance i.e. on the Chauth the fourt day. These offerings are commonly referred to as “Basora” or a day old in English. These offerings are then eaten as the Prasad.
Celebration, rituals and tradition
Naga Panchami Puja is observed indifferent ways in different parts of India. It is one of the most ancient fasts, and finds mention in the Puranas. It is believed to be one of the most auspicious days of the entire year. According to the Bhavishya Purana, when men bathe the snakes called Vasuki, Takshaka, Kaliya, Manibhadra, Airavata, Dhritarashtra, Karkotaka and Dhananjaya with milk on the fifth day of the bright fortnight of Shriven, they ensure freedom from danger for their families.
In some parts of southern India, figures of snakes are drawn with red sandalwood paste on wooden boards, or clay images of snakes coloured yellow or black are purchased. These are then worshipped and offered milk. Snake charmers wander about with all sorts of snakes, to which people offer milk. The snake charmers are paid some money for allowing this Serpent worship developed gradually from the fear of serpents that must have taken a heavy toll on life, particularly at the beginning of the rainy season. In the Ashvalayana Grihyasutra, the Paraskara Grihyasutra and other Grihyasutras, a rite called Sarpabali or ‘offerings to serpents’ was performed on the full moon night of Shriven. However the reason that it was moved from the full moon night to that of the fifth night of the bright fortnight is not apparent. It may be due to the slight change in the time of the onset of the rains.
On this day of Nag panchami Puja married women and the girls wake up early in the morning, take head bath, arrange the things necessary for puja and start to reach a nearest Ant Hill(Snake’s Home). They offer puja and Milk to the Ant Hill and pray to Snake God(Indian Cobra – Lord Subramanya’s Incarnation) for the Wellness of their brothers and their family. This day is like Raksha Bandhan for South Indian Hindus. If there is no Ant Hill nearby, they offer milk and puja to the snake statues erected in the nearby temples. A portion of Milk taken for puja is taken back home and offered to everyone at home as prasadam.
They invite their brothers to their home. They immerse a flower in the left over milk and apply it on their brothers’ back and perform Arathi for their well being. They also gift them as per their wish and also the brothers of the women wish for their wellbeing and gift them as per their wish.
Sweets like Kadubu(Kannada, Kudumulu in Telugu), Nuchununde(Kannada, Kanduntalu in Telugu – A spicy item made of dal cooked in steam) are prepared, offered to Lord and then distributed. This festival is observed on the fifth day of Shravana month of Hindu Lunar Calendar after the amavasya of Ashada month.
Nag Devta Mantra
Take flowers or unbroken grains of rice in your hands. Meditate upon the goddess, saying:
Sarveh nagaha priyatam meh yeh kechintt pruthvitaleh //
Yeh cha helimarichista yehantareh divi sansthitha/
Yeh nadishu mahanagaha yeh saraswatigamina/
Yeh cha vapiitasagehshu teshu sarveshu vaaii namaha//
Meaning: “this shloka describes – May the snakes who stay in sky world heaven, sun rays, lakes, ponds, etc bless us and we bow them all”.
Drop the flowers and the rice at the feet of the goddess.